What is supercomputer used for?

A supercomputer is a hugely influential computer that performs many complex tasks. This high-speed computer can solve complex scientific problems and even predict and calculate the weather for 2050 by providing data inputs.

What is supercomputing

Supercomputers mean that there has to be a giant computer, and it has to be millions of times faster than the computer you are using, but that is not the case. It is a machine that receives the information you give input and then processes it to its power and outputs it. Unlike the typical computer you use, it does not perform one task at a time but instead performs multiple tasks. And that’s the main feature that makes a computer a supercomputer.

One of the reasons for using a supercomputer is its processing power. An ordinary computer processor can perform only one task at a time or process data for a task. In this case, the processor of that regular computer combines multiple cores. But in the case of supercomputers, this process is entirely different. The supercomputer uses a parallel processing system. And because of that, supercomputers are used for complex tasks.

Serial and parallel processing of computer processors

In the case of a supercomputer, parallel processing is used instead of serial processing. A regular computer can only do one thing at a time. For any task, that processor processes the data one by one. But now you can say that we do more than one thing simultaneously on a computer. These include: listening to music, browsing the internet, ETC. But in this case, how does the supercomputer processor process this data? Your computer receives millions of commands and processes them serially, but processing millions of data per second seems real-time. And this process is called serial processing.

But today’s modern supercomputers work in parallel processing. A computer that divides tasks into multiple parts and processes them simultaneously. And the process of splitting various data at the same time is called parallel processing.

Why is parallel processing of supercomputers necessary?

One of the features of a supercomputer is parallel processing. Where a simple computer processor performs serial processing, it performs multiple tasks by dividing them into several parts. One of the reasons for using a supercomputer is to complete various complex functions simultaneously.

All the daily work does not require a high-quality computer processor with very little processing power for these everyday tasks. But your computer will work much slower if you want to work with graphics design, video editing, or video games. And to solve this problem, your computer needs a high-quality processor, RAM, and graphics card. Adding extra parts will make your computer work a little faster. But there is a speed limit. After all, your computer’s processor does one thing at a time.

Now think of a scientist who can predict the 2050 weather on his computer and simultaneously test for cancer drugs. Also, he gave all the other research input to the computer. They will need to upgrade their computer to a higher configuration to get faster research results. But even then, there is a limit to that computer’s processing.

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However, it will take less time if the tasks are divided into different sections and parallel processing simultaneously. In this case, it will be possible to get things done faster than before. And this work is done in super computers through parallel processing. And this work is done through parallel processing in Super-computers. For that reason, this computer can perform thousands of tasks simultaneously. And supercomputers are used for all research or complex work.

What is a What is supercomputer used for?

Supercomputer used for?

A supercomputer is used to apply various scientific and engineering applications most of the time, and it is also used in multiple research and development. Because doing these things requires a lot more processing or calculation and things that can’t do with a regular computer. At present, supercomputers are used for many such purposes.

Let’s see what a super-computer is used for

  • This computer is used in mathematical science.
  • Supercomputers are used to process real-time work.
  • This computer is used for scientific research and development work.
  • This computer is used in genetic analysis.
  • Uses in Atomic Physics, Quantum Mechanics, and Quantum Mechanics in Physics.
  • Large research institutes like NASA and SERN use supercomputers to perform excellent astronomy and molecular physics calculations.
  • Such computers are used in nuclear weapons research.
  • These computers are used for climate research and weather forecasting.
  • And military uses this computer to test new aircraft, tanks, and weapons.
  • These computers are also used for data encryption.

Complex tasks are not convenient to do with a simple computer. So supercomputers are used to doing all these things.

1. Use of supercomputer to save working time

Supercomputers are used to completing many complex and significant tasks in a short time. The ordinary computers we use, though, are much faster. However, these computers are not made for all functions. Therefore, supercomputers make many large and complex calculations or tasks easier. This computer can perform multiple complex tasks simultaneously. Also, this computer reduces the time spent and speeds up that particular task.

2. Its use in security

A supercomputer protects password decrypting. In addition, the computer can encrypt any data and easily guess any password.

3. Used for speed

Supercomputers are used to perform complex tasks in the fastest time. These computers take less time to complete any difficult task and are thousands of times fast more than other computers.

Where it takes an hour to do something with a simple computer, one can do it in a few seconds with a supercomputer.

4. Complex tasks

We already know that supercomputers can do any complex task very quickly. These computers have thousands of times more processing power than ordinary computers.

This computer performs complex tasks like molecular modeling, rendering animation, quantum mechanics, etc. Also, these types of computers use for research and development.

What operating system do supercomputers use?

Most supercomputers run on the Linux operating system, and these computers are designed for specific tasks. And the Linux operating system can be customized as needed. Since the operating system manages the software and hardware, the Linux operating system is used to make sweeping changes to the supercomputer’s operating system.

Since Linux is an open-source operating system, any developer can modify and customize it. For that reason, most supercomputers use the Linux operating system. Since these computers are used for complex calculations or scientific research, these computers do not need to have many features. In contrast, the primary function of these computers is to solve scientific problems.

In addition, supercomputers use many operating systems outside the Linux operating system. For example, bullx SCS, SUSE CentOS, cray, SCS, etc. However, most supercomputers use the Linux operating system.

Fastest supercomputers list in the world 2022

Japan’s Supercomputer Fugaku tops the list of the world’s fastest or most powerful supercomputers. Five of the top 10 supercomputers are from the US, two from China, one from Italy, and one from Germany. However, almost every developed country has more than one such computer.

According to the Top500 website, below is a list of the ten best and fastest supercomputers in the world: –

  1. Fugaku, Japan
  2. Summit, United States
  3. Sierra, United States
  4. Sunway TaihuLight, China
  5. Perlmutter, United States
  6. Selene, United States
  7. Tianhe-2A, China
  8. JUWELS Booster Module, Germany
  9. HPC5, Italy
  10. Voyager-EUS2, United States

There are many supercomputers outside of this list. However, these are currently in the top 10 list of the best and strongest. Today almost every country uses such computers for all their influential research.

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